COMMON SURNAMES BY RACE (Allegheny County, Pennsylvania)

COMMON SURNAMES BY RACE (Allegheny County, Pennsylvania During 1992-2001)

BACKGROUND
In 2003 I requested information on surnames in Allegheny County from the Allegheny County Health Department. During that time, I was a member of that Department's Board of Directors. Upon receiving this information in 2003, I posted it for educational and research purposes on my now defunct website on names. Unfortunately (and ironically), I can't find the name of the man who voluntarily compiled this material. Regardless, I thank him for his efforts.

I'm posting this information on this Cocojams.com page because it might be of interest to others, and because it might be beneficial to those engaged in research on the differences in surnames between African Americans and Non-African Americans within a given period of time.

The surnames listed here are those that were given to children born in Allegheny County during that period of time.

WHAT "AFRICAN AMERICAN" MEANS IN THIS DATA
At the time that I requested this data for my website, I had done a considerable amount of work and workshops in the child welfare field (adoption/foster care), and I'm an adoptive parent, foster parent, and parent of a biological child, and a step-child. The only reason I mention these roles is to indicate that on a number of levels, I was familar with the practice of child welfare agencies in the United States of categorizing children as "biracial" when those children had one Black biological parent and one non-Black biological parent. Many persons in that field (particulary many White persons) considered (and may still consider) "biracial" to be a separate category from "Black" when it came to making placement decisions. I very much disagreed with that practice. Because I felt so strongly about that position, I definitely recall asking the compiler of this data on surnames to imake sure that he included all children with one Black birth parent in the "African American" category.

It should also be noted that the referent "Black" was used interchangeably in the child welfare system for "African American", but "African American" was considered to be a more formal referent for the same population. However, since "Black" includes persons from various regions of Africa, and all persons from any part of the African Diaspora, "Black" actually is a much broader referent than "African American". Nevertheless, it's likely that the surnames of any infant (born during the period of time covered by this data) who had at least one Black birth parent was included in this date, even if that birth parent wasn't "African American".

For context purposes, 1990 and 2000 US Census demographical information for Allegheny County, Pennsylvania (which includes Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is included below.
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Posted on Cocojams on March 8, 2011
by Ms. Azizi Powell, Founder/Editor
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Latest update [related links and excerpts] added - October 7, 2012

Introductory text slightly revised for the purpose of greater clarity - February 28, 2013

Contact Information:
cocojams17@yahoo.com

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50 MOST COMMON AFRICAN AMERICAN SURNAMES (Based on Births among Allegheny County Pennsylvania Residents) During 1992-2001

Note: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania is the largest city in Allegheny County.

File: surnames

Rank/ Surname/ Birth Counts
1. Johnson (684)
2. Williams (620)
3. Jones (518)
4. Smith (507)
5. Brown (468)
6. Jackson (334)
7. Davis (301)
8. Thomas (296)
9. Robinson (259)
10. Harris (233)
11. Washington (197)
12. Wilson (190)
13. Taylor (187)
14. Green (175)
15. Thompson (169)
16. White (167)
17. Scott (162)
18. Walker (157)
19. Turner (155)
20. Moore (151)
21. Wright (144)
22. Mitchell (134)
23. Carter (132)
24. Lewis (125)
25. Hill (122)
26. King (112)
27. Lee (112)
28. Clark (108)
29. Howard (107)
30. Allen (106)
31. Martin (103)
32. Coleman (102)
33.Young (102)
34. Adams (98)
35. Anderson (94)
36. Freeman (94)
37. Miller (94)
38. Ford (93)
39. Morris (93)
40. Hall (91)
41. Butler (90)
42. Griffin (87)
43. Nelson (79)
44. Henderson (76)
45. James (74)
46. Brooks (73)
47. Parker (73)
48.Reed (73)
49. Bey (69)
50. Edwards (69)

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50 MOST COMMON NON-AFRICAN AMERICAN SURNAMES (Based on Births among Allegheny County Pennsylvania Residents During 1992-2001)

No file name provided

Rank/ Surname/ Birth Counts
1. Smith (806)
2.Miller (671)
3. Brown (357)
4. Williams (345)
5. Jones (329)
6. Johnson (294)
7. Davis (280)
8. Kelly (280)
9. Martin (252)
10. White (251)
11. Wilson (240)
12. Thomas (222)
13. Taylor (209)
14. Thompson (198)
15. Anderson (184)
16. Synder (180)
17. Lewis (176)
18. King (172)
19. Moore (170)
20. Scott (166)
21. Wagner (160)
23. Walker (154)
24. Stewart (149)
25. Young (149)
26 Clark (148)
26. Baker (145)
27. Evans (144)
28. Hoffman (142)
29. Murphy (141)
30. Sullivan (140)
31. Cook (139)
32. Adams (137)
33. Phillips (133)
34. Campbell (132)
35. Collins (131)
36. Harris (129)
37. Jackson (127)
38. Fisher (122)
39. Graham (122)
40. Hall (120)
41. Mitchell (117)
42. Lang (116)
43. Bell (115)
44. Wright (114)
45. Hill (111)
46. Walsh (111)
47. Schmidt (110)
48. Kennedy (109)
49. Morgan (106)
50. Ross (106)

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Demographical Information
As a means of providing some context to this data on surnames, I've provided excerpted data from Census reports for Allegheny County Pennsylvania for 1990 and 2000. These charts are best reviewed by clicking the hyperlinks that are provided.

Excerpt from DP-1. General Population and Housing Characteristics: 1990
Data Set: 1990 Summary Tape File 1 (STF 1) - 100-Percent data
Geographic Area: Allegheny County, Pennsylvania

http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/QTTable?_bm=n&_lang=en&qr_name=DEC_...

RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN

White
1,169,452

Black
149,550

American Indian, Eskimo, or Aleut
1,452

Asian or Pacific Islander
13,469

Other race
2,526

Hispanic origin (of any race)
8,731

Total housing units
580,738

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Excerpt from DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000
Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data
Geographic Area: Allegheny County, Pennsylvania

http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/QTTable?_bm=n&_lang=en&qr_name=DEC_...

RACE

One race
1,267,901 Percentage -98.9

White
1,080,800 Percentage 84.3

Black or African American
159,058 Percentage 12.4

American Indian and Alaska Native
1,593 Percentage 0.1

Asian
21,716 Percentage 1.7

Asian Indian
7,487 0.6 Percentage

Chinese
5,903 Percentage 0.5

Filipino
1,189 Percentage 0.1

Japanese
1,143 Percentage 0.1

Korean
2,068 Percentage 0.2

Vietnamese
1,638 Percentage 0.1

Other Asian 1
2,288 0.2

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
335 Percentage 0.0

Native Hawaiian
88 Percentage 0.0

Guamanian or Chamorro
59 Percentage 0.0

Samoan
85 Percentage 0.0

Other Pacific Islander 2
103 Percentage 0.0

Some other race
4,399 Percentage 0.3

Two or more races
13,765 Percentage 1.1

Race alone or in combination with one or more other races 3

White
1,091,899 Percentage 85.2

Black or African American
166,731 Percentage 13.0

American Indian and Alaska Native
5,419 Percentage 0.4

Asian
24,722 Percentage 1.9

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
758 Percentage 0.1

Some other race
7,430 Percentage 0.6

HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE

Total population
1,281,666 Percentage 100.0

Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
11,166 Percentage 0.9

Mexican
3,568 Percentage 0.3

Puerto Rican
2,216 Percentage 0.2

Cuban
622 Percentage 0.0

Other Hispanic or Latino
4,760 Percentage 0.4

Not Hispanic or Latino
1,270,500 Percentage 99.1

White alone
1,074,129 Percentage 83.8

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RELATED LINKS & EXCERPTS
THE FIFTY MOST COMMON SURNAMES FOR BLACK PEOPLE IN THE USA
(Excerpt from a list of 1000 surnames from http://names.mongabay.com/data/black.html )

*Source: 2000 U.S. Census, Genealogy Data

Name Rank - Number of occurrences - Overall U.S. rank for all races
1 WILLIAMS- 716704- 3
2 JOHNSON- 627720- 2
3 SMITH- 527993- 1
4 JONES- 514167- 5
5 BROWN- 476702- 4
6 JACKSON- 353179- 18
7 DAVIS- 329957- 7
8 THOMAS- 271273- 14
9 HARRIS- 247092 - 24
10 ROBINSON- 221835- 27
11 TAYLOR- 199326- 13
12 WILSON - 198269- 10
13 MOORE- 188082- 16
14 WHITE - 175099- 20
15 LEWIS - 172509 - 26
16 WALKER - 171297- 28
17 GREEN - 149803 - 37
18 WASHINGTON - 146520 - 138
19 THOMPSON- 145176 - 19
20 ANDERSON - 137688 - 12
21 SCOTT - 135521 - 36
22 CARTER - 126856 - 46
23 WRIGHT - 120484 - 34
24 MILLER - 117404- 6
25 HILL - 117025 - 41
26 ALLEN -116491 - 32
27 MITCHELL - 115815 - 44
28 YOUNG- 110849 - 31
29 LEE - 105480 -22
30 MARTIN - 102925 - 17
31 CLARK - 101613 -25
32 TURNER -98383 - 49
33 HALL - 98265- 30
34 KING - 96665 -35
35 EDWARDS -95787- 53
36 COLEMAN- 91440 -102
37 JAMES - 88835 - 80
38 EVANS - 85730 - 48
39 BELL - 84138 -67
40 RICHARDSON -81772 -74
41 ADAMS -79313 - 39
42 BROOKS -78653 - 77
43 PARKER - 78111 -51
44 JENKINS -76881 -95
45 STEWART - 74564 -54
46 HOWARD -73096 - 70
47 CAMPBELL -71155 - 43
48 SIMMONS -71102 - 103
49 SANDERS - 70468 -88
50 HENDERSON - 69751 -101

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THE BLACKEST SURNAME IN THE USA
From http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/21/washington-blackest-name-americ... "Washington: The 'Blackest Name' In America" by Jesse Washington
"George Washington's name is inseparable from America, and not only from the nation's history. It identifies countless streets, buildings, mountains, bridges, monuments, cities – and people.

In a puzzling twist, most of these people are black. The 2000 U.S. Census counted 163,036 people with the surname Washington. Ninety percent of them were African-American, a far higher black percentage than for any other common name ...

Washington was listed 138th when the Census Bureau published a list of the 1,000 most common American surnames from the 2000 survey, along with ethnic data. The project was not repeated in 2010.

Ninety percent of those Washingtons, numbering 146,520, were black. Only five percent, or 8,813, were white. Three percent were two or more races, 1 percent were Hispanic, and 1 percent were Asian or Pacific Islander.

Jefferson was the second-blackest name, at 75 percent African-American. There were only 16,070 Lincolns, and that number was only 14 percent black.

Jackson was 53 percent black. Williams was the 16th-blackest name, at 46 percent. But there were 1,534,042 total Williamses, including 716,704 black ones – so there were more blacks named Williams than anything else.

(The name Black was 68 percent white, meaning there were far more white Blacks than black Blacks. The name White, meanwhile, was 19 percent black.)"
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In the 2003 Allegheny County surname study posted above, the last name "Washington" is #11 on the list of the 50 most common last names for African American children born during 1992-2001 and does not appear on the list of non-African American children born during that time period.

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